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Below are just some of the ways we teach reading and support children's development of reading throughout Key Stage 1.

Shared reading sessions.

The teacher models the reading process to the whole class as an expert reader, providing a high level of support. The learner readers join in where appropriate with the reading of the enlarged text – singly and/or chorally. The texts selected are rich and challenging, being beyond the current reading ability of the majority of the class. 

Guided reading sessions led by a member of staff.

The responsibility for reading shifts to the learner. The teacher structures all reading tasks with children, who are grouped by ability. They are required to read and respond to the text themselves with the teacher supporting. Texts of graded difficulty are carefully chosen and matched to the reading ability of the group.

Independent reading.

During independent reading, children take responsibility for selecting and reading a variety of texts including fiction, poetry and non-fiction from library books, games, activities, book tapes, talking books, webpages, print and text around the school, etc. The child should be able to read these texts readily and comprehend them with little or no teacher or adult support. The focus for the reading is to provide practise and to develop personal response to text.

Story time, including poetry.

Children will be exposed to high quality literature on a regular basis during story time. The teachers will ensure a balance of genres is covered over the year encouraging an appreciation of our rich and varied literary heritage. Each Key Stage has a 'Literacy Spine' of high quality books to be read with the children over the course of the year.


Year A

Year B

Classic/Contemporary story

The BFG by Roald Dahl


The Owl who was afraid of the dark by Jill Tomlinson


The Sheep Pig by Dick King Smith

Fantastic Mr Fox by Roald Dahl


Flat Stanley by Jeff Brown


My Naughty Little Sister stories by Dorothy Edwards

Traditional story

The Lion and the Mouse

by Aesop

Bringing the Rain to Kapiti Plain by Verna Aardema

Tikki Tikki Tembo by Arlene Mosel

The Tortoise and the Hare

 by Aesop

Tidalick the Frog who caused a flood by Robert Roennfeldt

Wombat Goes Walkabout by Michael Morpurgo

Fairy Story

Jack and The Beanstalk


The Elves And The Shoemaker

Dick Whittington

Hansel and Gretel

Tom Thumb


The Owl and the pussycat

by Edward Lear

Alligator by Grace Nichols

Air by Michael Rosen

The House that Jack built

The Sound Collector by Roger Mcgough

Furry Bear by A A Milne

Reading with individual children and reading scheme books to read at home.

We use Song Bird phonics followed by a wider variety of books from a variety of publishers. Songbird Phonics books are arranged in line with the letters and sounds phases. During reading time we will assess the child’s decoding, understanding and fluency, changing books as appropriate. If a child is making good progress it is not essential to complete each book in a phase before staff assess that it is time to change a set, and some phases may be skipped should the teacher feel it is appropriate. Once children have developed their reading skills we provide classroom or library books in place of the reading scheme books. Through Key Stage 1 we use daily 'Guided Reading' sessions to move the children's reading skills forward. Guided reading sessions involve small group activities, some led by adults, some independent. These tasks support children in hearing, reading and discussing a wide range of high quality books.